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Stages Of Gum Disease

The daily task of brushing and flossing your teeth has never been more important in order to avoid gum disease and reduce the risks gum disease places on your overall health.

It has been estimated that 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease which can be linked to serious health complications and can cause dental problems that are avoidable.

There are three main stages of gum disease:

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by plaque buildup around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque buildup will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Gums that should otherwise be pink will appear red and swollen; you may experience bleeding when you brush or floss.  With proper dental treatment and homecare, gingivitis can be reversed. The bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place have not yet been affected.

Stage 2: Periodontitis



If gingivitis is left untreated, the condition can worsen and become periodontitis. At this stage, the supporting bones and fibers that hold your teeth in place have been irreversibly damaged. Your gums begin to form “pockets,” deep hollow areas around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and bacteria. Your gums may recede and form gaps between your teeth. Immediate treatment is necessary to prevent further damage and tooth loss.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

In the final stage of gum disease, periodontitis has been left untreated and has become advanced periodontitis. Bacteria that was allowed to grow, spread, and cause destruction has destroyed the connective tissues and bone that support the teeth. The pockets that formed in the previous stage have become much deeper. Your teeth can shift or loosen.  Teeth that move around in the mouth may affect your bite. At this stage, aggressive treatment is needed to save the teeth.














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